When is a roof renovation permit required?

Montclair Roofing- roof repair

In recent years, there have been many changes in the field of Building Permits and Construction Execution, which have raised questions and confusion among many interested parties, about when a Building Permit is needed for a roof renovation, in which cases a Small-Scale Works Approval is needed and in which no permit is required.

Many do not know that in order to carry out renovation and minor repairs such as:

  • demolition of the inner wall,
  • insulation, roof repair,
  • conversion of a window into a balcony door,
  • construction of simple fencing – fencing, etc.,
  • a relevant permit is required from the Town Planning.

So many times the citizens pay large fines, because of a complaint from a “bad” neighbor, because they repaired their roof or because they built a fireplace, etc.

What is a Small Scale License?

The Small Scale Permit is a form of building permit, but it concerns small-scale construction works, with a project budget of up to 25,000 dollars.

For which minor repairs – and other work is a small-scale work permit required?

  • Exterior painting work or replacement of railings or repair of coatings or repair of facades using scaffolding
  • Facing cladding and replacement of glass curtains using scaffolding,
  • Construction of a pergola with a surface of more than fifty (50) sq.m. in uncovered areas, courtyards, ground floor terraces. In roofs, open spaces and open balconies, the approval of small-scale construction works is required, regardless of the surface.
  • Ventilation ducts, chimneys, solar systems installations
  • Interior layouts
  • Construction of planted rooms and planted areas
  • Installation of external thermal insulation or passive solar systems on the exteriors
  • Maintenance and repair of roofs using scaffolding
  • Simple fencing from stonework up to a height of one (1.00) meter or fencing made of lightweight field material in off-plan areas and in settlements that lack a city plan
  • Prefabricated fencing, such as barbed wire, on plots not paved in areas within the plan
  • Construction of stoves and ovens with their chimneys, for the service of professional use
  • Construction of fireplaces with their chimneys in independent properties with residential use
  • Roof reconstruction
  • Functional joining of spaces
  • Exterior thermal insulation works or roof thermal insulation in the framework of the program “Home savings
  • Installation of autonomous heating system
  • Shelters and shelters
  • Interventions on the facades of buildings to modify or open new openings.

What documents are required?

Two types of supporting documents are required for the issuance of the Small Scale License:

  1. General Documents which accompany your file regardless of the type of work
  2. Special Documents which depend on the type of work you want to do.

What are the General Documents?

  • Application of the owner
  • Approvals of the competent services (e.g Forest Office, Architecture Council, etc.), where required
  • Technical report of an engineer
  • Cadastral certificate
  • Photos of the property
  • Copy of the Building Permit or other legal document
  • Declaration of consent of the co-owners of the property, if the works are carried out in common areas

What are the Special Documents?

The special supporting documents are submitted depending on the case. Indicatively, we mention the supporting documents for three common tasks:

  • Interior layouts with demolition of interior walls

1) Certificate from the engineer that the details of the load-bearing structure of the building are not affected.

2) Top view of the space

3) Technical Report of an engineer accompanied by sketches or drawings if required to adequately document the firing.

4) Drafting a project budget.

  • Roof Reconstruction

1) Certificate from the engineer that it has the same dimensions, that its volume does not change and that the final height of the building and the roof does not increase,

2) Top view, view and section

3) Responsible Statement of the engineer that the details of the load-bearing structure of the building are not affected

4) Statement of static adequacy by a competent engineer.

  • Construction of Pergola

1) floor plan and view

2) a copy of the topographic diagram of the building permit or the building permit if it exists or of the one attached to the legal deed, with the scaling of the facilities (Location, dimensions, distances, etc.).

3) statement of the Engineer that the ideal solid of the building is not violated.

I have arbitrariness in the building. Can I get a license or will they find my illegalities?

No. The small-scale permit can only be issued for legally existing buildings, i.e those that were built before 1955 or have a Building Permit in New Jersey or were arbitrarily settled / legalized.

Small-scale permits can also be obtained from buildings I have been permanently excluded from demolition.

In case there are arbitrariness in the building, then in order for the permit to be issued, the arbitrary ones must first be legalized based on Law.

How long does it take to issue a license?

The time of issuance of the permit from the moment the complete file with all the required supporting documents (including the approvals of the competent services e.g Forest Office, Architecture Council, where required) is submitted to the Building Service (Urban Planning) is about a week.

Do you need Engineer Study and Supervision?

The issuance of the Permit is done by the Building Service of the Municipality upon the request of the owner or by an authorized representative. In any case, however, a stamp and signature of a competent Engineer is required.

However, it is not mandatory for the engineer to supervise the work, unless the work requires the installation of scaffolding (scaffolding). In this case, the law requires the preparation by the engineer of a Safety and Health plan (SAY) and a Safety and Health File (FAY) as well as the supervision of their installation and removal by an engineer.

Of course, for other cases of work, such as the demolition of masonry or the reconstruction of a roof, etc., it would be good for the work to be monitored by an engineer, in order to have a safe and correct work.

How much does it cost?

The cost varies depending on the type of work to be implemented and this because the type of work depends on the supporting documents needed. Therefore, the interested party should first contact an engineer who will inform him about the work that will be required to submit all the supporting documents. The owner should also be aware that he is required to pay the building stamps that are calculated depending on the work to be done.

I failed to issue a Small Scale License. Do I have a problem;

Yes. You risk spontaneous arrest if you receive a complaint that you are carrying out works without a permit, while at the same time the Town Planning will be informed and they will assure you fines for the arbitrary construction that you are carrying out.

Generally the risk you take to perform the work without permission is high compared to the cost required to issue a Small Scale Work Approval.

How long does the Small Scale License last?

Valid for 12 months with the possibility of extension for another 6 months.

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Benefits of roof reconstruction

Gikas roofing - roof reconnstruction in Montclair

There are many who decide that there are more benefits in roof reconstruction, especially when it comes to an old house that is quite costly in its functionality, rather than buying a new one.

Waterproofing and thermal insulation of the roof

Initial work if you live on the top floor before starting the renovation is the waterproofing of the roof which is important to be sure so as not to create problems with the first rains in your renovated house. Then the thermal insulation of the roof is an investment for your home as on the one hand it improves your living conditions inside the house and on the other hand it improves your finances due to the savings of money and energy that it achieves. Do not forget that the top floors have large losses from their secluded roof and are one of the first tasks that we must put in the program.

External thermal insulation of the walls

The external thermal insulation of the walls, columns and walls also contributes to the energy upgrade. In addition it improves the appearance of the often brittle exterior walls by eliminating damage from moisture and mold. Insulation ensures a constant temperature inside the house, in the cold of winter and in the heat of summer, with a significant reduction of expenses for heating and cooling. Insulation also offers wall waterproofing from rain and water.

Thermal insulation of the floor

If you live on the first floor above the floor you will definitely feel the lack of thermal insulation such as cold and sometimes wet floor, mold low on the walls, inability to heat the space etc. The solution to all this is the thermal insulation of the floor. In this way, the thermal losses of the building are minimized and great energy savings are achieved.

Thermal insulation of the roof

Thermal insulation of the roof is necessary as it shows great savings in the energy consumed by a space to maintain the desired temperature and the money one has to buy this energy. The top floor under the roof is the one that is particularly stressed as it is affected in winter and summer by outside temperatures. Thermal insulation of the roof can be applied either externally or internally. In the first case of external thermal insulation, the polyurethane foam is sprayed on the tiles from the top and then it is covered with special brushed materials, usually in tile color, so as not to change the color of the roof. Polyurethane has perfect adhesion to the roof so it becomes a body with it. In the second case of internal thermal insulation, if there is a horizontal concrete slab between the roof and the interior, then the thermal insulation is applied either to the horizontal slab or directly to the roof.

Internal thermal insulation of walls

Internal wall and ceiling insulation is a fast, economical and efficient process. Internal thermal insulation is a good solution when there are problems of lack of thermal insulation in walls that are exposed and there are still other reasons, such as the inability of external thermal insulation due to high scaffolding costs, inability to access, etc.

  • Frame replacement
  • Gas installation
  • Upgrading of heating and air conditioning systems
  • Shading with awnings
  • Installation of solar water heater

However, apart from these subsidized works, many people decide to do other works during the renovation, such as the soundproofing of their house, which is often such a big problem that is the cause and the reason for starting a renovation. Soundproofing usually covers walls, ceilings and floors.

Roof waterproofing

In a sloping tiled roof, the waterproofing of the roof is achieved with special tiled roofing membranes. Due to the discontinuity of the tiles, the membranes come to guarantee the tightness of the roof.

Characteristics that they must have are complete tightness, vapor permeability, non-slip (for the safety of the craftsman) and resistance to drilling. In terms of vapor permeability, we know that spaces usually collect water vapor which must be released and removed from the building. A common feature of the membranes is their low weight of about 500 gr / m².

Technical tips for roof waterproofing with tiled roofing membranes

  • Correct slopes on your roof. The slope of your roof should be about 20%. The exact percentage depends on the area, the climate, the frequency of snowfall and rainfall, etc.
  • Laying membrane on the roof parallel to the gutters.
  • Fastening of the membrane with flat-headed nails. We always keep in mind the quality of the material as a key parameter. We always start from the lowest points in order to ensure the unimpeded flow of water.
  • Membrane overlap to prevent water from entering under the membranes.
  • Technical support from us before, during and after the execution of the project.

In a roof without tiles, the solution is asphalt tiles which lead to an aesthetically upgraded solution with excellent waterproofing. Asphalt tiles are asphalt-shaped tiles that look like tiles. Available in rectangular or circular shape with tile overlay in various colors or copper foil for rarer cases. They are glued with asphalt glue and nailed with special flat-headed galvanized nails to the sloping roofs. In our company you can find the color and design of asphalt tiles that you like and of course we undertake their application on your roof. Asphalt tiles are an alternative proposal for covering your roofs.

Technical tips for roofing with asphalt tiles

Roofers start by correcting the slopes on your roof. The slope of your roof should be about 20%. The exact percentage depends on the area, the climate, the frequency of snowfall and rainfall, etc. It is very important that the water does not stagnate on the asphalt tiles at all.

The weather should be sunny in the last days and it is not expected to rain in the following days. If there is trapped moisture in the slab which did not evaporate it will create problems on the roof of the top floor. Sealing visible cracks or holes is also important. These are details that make a difference.
Bonding of asphalt tiles with special glue. Always keep in mind the quality of the material as a key parameter. Start from the lowest points in order to ensure the unimpeded flow of water. Overlap of asphalt tiles in the provided positions. Fastening of asphalt tiles with special flat-headed nails.

Gutter sealing

Gutters or gutters are places that often suffer from moisture as they come in frequent contact with the water that wears them more and more, with the result that water passes and appears inside and outside the construction.

Sealing the groove is the sure solution to get rid of roofing problems in Montclair NJ.

Gutter waterproofing technical tips

We identify the real cause of the humidity that occurs. Inductively exclude other reasons that may be due to moisture before proceeding to sealing.

  • Dry surface. We start the work when the weather is sunny in the last days and it is not expected to rain in the following days. If there is trapped moisture that did not evaporate, it will create bloating on the tarpaulin.
  • Dismantling and removal of old asphalt sheets if any.
  • Scratching and restoration of swollen and brittle surfaces. Asphalt sheets should be glued to a stable surface because otherwise they will peel off along with the loose plasters.
  • Clean surface. Wipe the surface to be clean and free of dust and other objects.
  • Sealing visible cracks or holes. Details that make a difference.
  • Priming with good quality asphalt varnish which should dry before the asphalt sheets are applied.
  • Gluing asphalt sheets. We always have quality in mind as a key parameter.
  • Overlap of asphalt sheets by 10 cm. The points of the joints are very vulnerable, so the correct attachment is very important.
  • Sealing the joints by pressing on the ridges. We emphasize these points because they are the most frightening.
  • Protection of the sealed surface. Do not forget to clean the gutters from leaves that clog them and block the flow of water.

Technical support from Gikas Roofing in Montclair before, during and after the roof reconstruction.

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Top 5 types of wooden floors and all you need to know!

top-5-types-wooden-floors-and-all-you-need-know

Top 5 types of wooden floors and all you need to know!

The wooden floor is undoubtedly a very popular choice, especially for those who prefer the rustic and the traditional style of decoration. However, even if you prefer the modern, the wooden floor offers you countless options to integrate it harmoniously in your space.

You must have heard that this is a very special material. In the market you will find alternative solutions and items that cover all tastes and financial budgets. From laminate which is a kind of ready-made parquet floor with wood look to the impressive solid oak floor, there is always the ideal solution for every home. Before choosing, you should consider some basic parameters. They are the ones who will judge the suitability of each choice for the needs of your space.

We have compiled a list of the top proposals for the wooden floor and we present them to you along with their basic characteristics. What do you need to know about each species and how do you decide which one is best for your space?

What should you think about before choosing a wooden floor?

Of course, appearance plays a key role in choosing a wooden floor. Apart from this, however, there are other factors that you must take into account when choosing the right one for your space. One of them is definitely the price, but it is probably not the most important. Let’s look at the main ones: 1. Exposure to sunlight. 2. Percentage of Humidity inside the House and its fluctuations. 3. Cleaning Products and exposure of wood to chemicals 4. Frequency and type of maintenance – “How will you maintain the wood to perfection?” 5. Influence of maintenance on the appearance of wood in the long run 6. Movement of Wheeled Furniture in the area where the wooden floor will be placed

5 Popular types of wooden floors for your home!

The basic separation of wooden floors is based on the wood used, which is either soft or hard. Wood from broadleaf trees belongs to the category of hardwood, while those from coniferous trees belong to the softwood. This separation is not related to the durability of the floor over time or the lifespan of the wood. Below we will see some of the most popular of each category.

European Oak Wooden Floor

The oak wooden floor is among the top choices of those who love wood, for many centuries. It is distinguished for its high durability over time but for the satisfactory stability it offers. The oak floors stand out from their light brown color with the intense water that forms on their surface.

It is a construction of unrivaled aesthetics, able to meet even the most difficult technical requirements. The oak floor is available in a wide range of dimensions and qualities, allowing you to choose the one that best suits your needs. In addition to the different varieties of wood, you have the opportunity to choose the color of your floor, since you can paint the oak wood floor in the shade of your choice. As for the price, it will be determined by the quality and the type you will choose.

Iroquois

Iroquois is the most widespread species of tropical wood in Greece. Its high strength and level of hardness make iroko suitable for both external and internal use. Apart from the installation of wooden floors, it is widely used in shipbuilding, the construction of frames and pergolas.

Iroquois wooden floor

Depending on the type and area from which the wood comes, its shades change. Starting with an intense ash yellow, iroko is even available in brown-red shades. What you should pay attention to is that due to its increased photosensitivity, it can change color very quickly and easily, especially when it is exposed to sunlight or placed outdoors.

If you want to install it in the bathroom, kitchen or combine it with underfloor heating, you should know that it is an excellent choice. If you have decided to proceed with the installation of underfloor heating at the same time, nothing limits you. After the hydraulic installation is completed, it is lined with cement mortar. The system should work for a few days and then the wooden floor will be installed.

Doussie

Like iroko, the shower belongs to the tropical wood family. It is one of the most special and interesting items for the wooden floor. The doussie stands out for its rich ash-red color, which deepens the more it is exposed to the sun’s rays.

Wooden floor heartwood

The extremely high mechanical strength combined with the stability it presents place it among the top choices for heavy constructions. In addition to the wooden floor, it is used for the construction of frames, frames, furniture and tanks. It is also often placed on decks and ports.

If time plays an important role in your decision, the heartwood is a great choice. The heartwood in particular has a very long natural duration while at the same time it is quite resistant to insect and fungal attacks.

Walnuts

If you want to make the presence of wood felt in the space, then the walnut is an ideal choice to achieve it. This is a very special and warm solution. The shades of walnut start from dark brown and reach up to light black. Over time and exposure to the sun, its color lightens so it is usually painted before being varnished.

Walnut wooden floor

The incomparable aesthetics of the walnut in combination with the ease it offers in the processing, place it among the favorite woods for the construction of furniture and frames. The reason we do not find it so often on wooden floors is not related to its durability or quality, which is excellent. Its main disadvantage is the price, since it is a fairly expensive alternative. If you fell in love with its color and the image it gives to the space, you can look for offers that will make its cost more affordable.

Maple

In contrast to the walnut which has an imposing dark brown color, the creamy shade of maple is very close to white. It is also not at all sensitive to sunlight, retaining almost the same color over time.

Maple wooden floor

The maple is recommended for small spaces but also dark rooms that you want to visually enlarge. It is a fact that its light shade allows light to travel in space and will definitely make it shine. But let’s look at the technical characteristics of the maple. It has a very high hardness but a moderate reaction to the contraction – expansion of the wood. This makes it unsuitable for areas with high levels of humidity, such as the bathroom and kitchen, but also for the installation of underfloor heating.

Would you like to install a wooden floor in your Home but you have not decided what is the right choice for your space and needs? Seek the advice of evaluated professionals like Montclair Roofing and Contracting.

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